Motor redundancy is a widely used concept in kinesiology and motor control which states that, for any task the human body can perform, there are effectively an unlimited number of ways the nervous system could achieve that task. The concept of motor redundancy is explored in numerous studies,    usually with the goal of describing the relative contribution of a set of motor elements e. Two distinct but not incompatible theories have emerged for how the nervous system coordinates redundant elements: simplification and optimization. In the simplification theory, complex movements and muscle actions are constructed from simpler ones, often known as primitives or synergies, resulting in a simpler system for the brain to control.
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In Canada, kinesiology is a professional designation as well as an area of study. Kinesiologists work in a variety of roles as health professionals. They work as rehabilitation providers in hospitals, clinics and private settings working with populations needing care for musculoskeletal, cardiac and neurological conditions.
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They provide rehabilitation to persons injured at work and in vehicular accidents. Kinesiologists also work as functional assessment specialists, exercise therapists, ergonomists, return to work specialists, case managers and medical legal evaluators.
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They can be found in hospital, long term care, clinic, work, and community settings. In Canada, Kinesiology has been designated a regulated health profession in Ontario. The College of Kinesiologists of Ontario achieved proclamation on April 1, , at which time the professional title "Kinesiologist" became protected by law.
In Ontario only members of the college may call themselves a Registered Kinesiologist. Individuals who have earned degrees in kinesiology can work in research, the fitness industry, clinical settings, and in industrial environments. Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics sv G. It was the first Physiotherapy School in the world, training hundreds of medical gymnasts who spread the Swedish physical therapy around the entire world.
It was the foundation of the Medical Gymnastics, the original Physiotherapy and Physical Therapy , developed during years in Sweden starting The Kinesiology consisted of nearly 2, physical movements and 50 different types of massage therapy techniques. They were all used to affect various dysfunctions and even illnesses, not only in the movement apparatus, but also into the internal physiology of man.
Thus, the original classical and Traditional Kinesiology was not only a system of rehabilitation for the body, or biomechanics like in modern Academic Kinesiology, but also a new therapy for relieving and curing diseases, by affecting the autonomic nervous system, organs and glands in the body. It was written by Nils Posse and published in Boston, Motion capture technology has application in measuring human movement, and thus kinesiology.
Historically, motion capture labs have recorded high fidelity data. While accurate and credible, these systems can come at high capital and operational costs. Modern-day systems have increased accessibility to mocap technology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the scientific study of human movement. For the alternative medicine technique, see Applied kinesiology. Main article: Neurobiological effects of physical exercise.
Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 27 April Age Dordrecht, Netherlands. Stroke: A Journal of Cerebral Circulation.
Sports Medicine. January Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Journal of Neurology. Journal of Applied Physiology. American Journal of Physical Medicine. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. Bibcode : PLoSO European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Clinical Science. The Journals of Gerontology. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
The American Journal of Sports Medicine. The Journal of Adolescent Health. International Journal of Sports Medicine. Journal of Experimental Psychology. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. November Bibcode : Sci Journal of Neurophysiology.
Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Despite the severe negative health and performance consequences, Dr Black says awareness of LEA is low. Coaches, parents and athletes need to be aware of signs of low energy intakes, such as increased injury or illness, and seek advice where needed. Athletes also need to know menstrual irregularities are not normal. Some ways athletes and coaches can avoid LEA include understanding the different nutrient requirements across stages of the menstrual cycle; promoting recovery by eating after exercising; designing training programmes to take into account signs of LEA, fatigue or overtraining; putting significant care and planning into advising athletes who wish to reduce body fat whilst training; and optimising energy-dense foods and promoting liquid-based recovery options.
The group holds regular meetings between researchers and practitioners to create best practice principles on a range of female athlete issues. Materials provided by University of Otago. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. Story Source: Materials provided by University of Otago.
Journal Reference : Katherine E. Black, Dane F. Baker, Stacy T.
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Nutritional Needs of the Female Athlete. ScienceDaily, 25 March University of Otago. Detrimental effect of overlooking female athletes' nutritional needs.